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Basic Information
Location: Hawaii, island of Hawaii, 19.452° N, 155.292° W
Volcano Type: Shield
Height: 4,009 feet

    Kilauea is the most active volcano on Earth, and one of the most intensely studied volcanoes in the world.
    Kilauea is a shield volcano in the Hawaiian archipelago. It was and is being formed by a hot spot beneath the Pacific plate. Like other shield volcanoes, Kilauea's eruptions tend to be Hawaiian in type, but they can get dangerous. Several violent eruptions have had pyroclastic flows, large ashfalls, and lava bombs. Such an eruption in the eighteenth century killed many troops of a Hawaiian ruler.
    A feature from these large, explosive eruptions is a caldera. Kilauea has a large Calderaat it's summit, and a smaller Halemaumau. Kilauea also has several side vents, on or around rift zones. These rift zones are to the SouthEast and SouthWest. Among the vents in those areas are; the famous Puu Oo, Mauna Ulu, and all the craters along chain of craters road.
    Current volcanic activity began in 1983 and is the longest volcanic eruption of Kilauea in recorded time. This present eruption built up Pu'u O'o vent, and countless other volcanic vents.

Volcano World

Eruption- January 15, 1998
    Rapid inflation of the caldera began on the night of January 14, 1998 and deflated 2 hours later. The USGS sent out warning of a possible eruption. The next day several lava flows from the Pu'u O'o vent traveled over old flows, but did go into  few vegetated areas, burning them in it's path.
Volcano World
Hawaiian Volcano Observatory

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